About the Dunning-Kruger Effect: Why People Feel Smarter Than They Really Are

About the Dunning-Kruger Effect Why People Feel Smarter Than They Really Are
About the Dunning-Kruger Effect Why People Feel Smarter Than They Really Are

Have you ever met someone who overestimated his abilities? They tend to overestimate their abilities than they really are. If the rough term is often said to be a (sorry) smart person.

The Dunning-Kruger effect was discovered by two well-known psychologists, namely David Dunning and Justin Kruger. The Dunning-Kruger effect is a type of mind bias in which people believe they are smarter and more capable than they really are.

The victims of this Dunning-Kruger effect are people who lack the skills to recognize their own incompetence. This could be due to a lack of self-awareness or having poor self-awareness.

Causes of the Dunning-Kruger Effect

The Dunning-Kruger effect can be referred to as the double load phenomenon. Besides being incompetent, people who experience this are less aware of their own shortcomings.

Because they are not fully aware, they have a blind spot. In other words, they can't see that they were wrong, and think they did their best.

For example in the professional field. You may come across some coworkers who think they are good at any task. But they never care about other people's opinion. These people are difficult to work with and often think their ideas are the best and this is due to several factors, namely:

1. Lack of skills and knowledge: Lack of skills and knowledge can lead to two problems. First, the person does not perform well in the assigned task. Second, they are not aware of their mistakes and lack of skills.

2. Lack of metacognition: Metacognition refers to one's understanding and awareness of the ability to think. Lack of metacognition means that most people see situations from their own subjective point of view. Therefore, they pay less attention to other people's point of view. People who lack metacognitive abilities usually think of themselves as highly knowledgeable and more skilled than other people.

3. Little knowledge leads to overconfidence: Sometimes a little knowledge of something can lead people to be wrong and believe they know it all. You may have noticed that smart people tend to feel that they lack knowledge.

This is because the more a person learns, the more he realizes that he has not much knowledge. On the other hand, there are people who think that they are smarter than they really are because they don't dig deep, so they are content with what they know. For example, causing excessive self-confidence, selfishness, not respecting the opinions of others, and so on.

How to Overcome the Dunning-Kruger Effect

So, who are the potential victims of the Dunning-Kruger Effect? The answer, everything. The Dunning-Kruger effect is not always synonymous with people who have low IQs. People with a certain level of competence are also vulnerable to being victims, for example experts.

On the other hand, experts have a more realistic view of their own knowledge and abilities. However, these experts tend to underestimate their own abilities. Because, they also recognize the breadth of knowledge that other people have. To avoid the Dunning-Kruger Effect, here are some things we can do:

1. Think again before jumping to conclusions: Take time to reflect on your abilities before jumping to conclusions. In this way, we can prevent ourselves from overestimating our competence.

2. Accept criticism and suggestions: Often we have trouble recognizing our shortcomings. Therefore, it is important to get feedback or criticism and suggestions from others. Try to be more open to what other people think of you. This can help us to continue to develop for the better.

3. Keep learning and practicing: To avoid the trap of thinking we know everything, start honing your skills by constantly learning and practicing. After gaining more knowledge, the more likely we are to recognize our own strengths and weaknesses.


4. Question what we know: We can try to challenge ourselves on a regular basis by questioning our knowledge base and the conclusions we draw. Look for information that challenges these ideas. It can help us see things from an objective point of view.

In conclusion, the Dunning-Kruger Effect is one of the mind biases that can influence our thinking and acting. While it's easier to see this condition in other people, remember that the Dunning-Kruger Effect can be experienced by everyone, including you.
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