About Duck Syndrome: Looking Calm When Stressed

About Duck Syndrome Looking Calm When Stressed
About Duck Syndrome Looking Calm When Stressed

Do you have a friend whose life looks perfect and happy, but is actually trying to cover up their anxieties? She just wants others to see her as easy going, happy, and as if she has no stress in life. In fact, secretly she is also restless and still trying hard to meet the demands of life.

Is there such a person? Or have you experienced the same thing yourself? Apparently, in psychology, this condition is called duck syndrome. You know duck, right? Animals with two legs, and if you're confused about what duck has to do with duck syndrome, I'll explain it to you now.

What is Duck Syndrome?

Duck syndrome is a condition in which a person appears calm and fine from the outside, but is actually experiencing a lot of stress and problems. This condition is similar to a duck when it is swimming.

On the surface of the water, the duck looks calm and moves slowly. When underwater, his feet paddle with difficulty to stay afloat.

The term duck syndrome was first introduced at Stanford University. This term is used to describe the condition of students there who, although they look relaxed and calm, but have a lot of demands and anxiety.

They put pressure on themselves to achieve lofty goals. In fact, 87% of students at Stanford University say they are overwhelmed with their own responsibilities.

In medical conditions, duck syndrome does not fall under the category of mental disorders because there are no formal diagnostic criteria for this condition. However, this condition has been studied by many experts on many students.

Although not a mental disorder, duck syndrome is usually associated with stress, depression, or other mental conditions. Or in other words, the symptoms experienced are also related to other mental disorders.

Duck Syndrome Symptoms

There are several symptoms experienced when a person tries to hide his difficulties. Generally, those with duck syndrome feel that people will always put their abilities to the test.

They also often compare themselves to others because they feel that other people have a better life. The pressure on themselves makes them feel overwhelmed as if things are getting out of control.

From a cognitive perspective, people with duck syndrome are more likely to get nervous and worry. The desire to achieve high goals tends to make them forgetful and difficult to concentrate. These symptoms greatly affect the physical condition.

In addition, sleeping habits and eating patterns are also disturbed. Energy is drained by the mind so easily tired. Duck syndrome can also cause anxiety-related behaviors, such as nausea, nervousness, or nail biting.

Please note that duck syndrome is experienced by many young people, such as students, students or workers. One of the contributing factors is the demands from the environment. For example good grades, rankings, high positions and others. In addition to these factors, there are several factors that can increase the risk of duck syndrome.

Duck Syndrome Risk Factors

1. Parenting style: Parenting that is a factor in the occurrence of duck syndrome is parenting that always demands children to achieve maximum results.

For example, parents who demand children to achieve perfection. This parenting style makes children feel they have to be able to achieve high targets. They try very hard to reach the target.

2. Perfectionist: People who have this perfectionist character always strive for perfection and have high standards. From plans to work, they think everything has to be perfect. In addition, usually they also want to be the best among the people around them.

3. Environmental expectations are too high: Basically, the environment has a great influence on a person. In order to meet the high expectations of the environment, a person may try hard to appear perfect. They may act as if everything is going well. In fact, behind it all, they are also worried about failure.

4. Effect of social media: Social media can affect the condition of duck syndrome. Usually the trigger is when you see other people's lives seem more perfect and far from difficulties. This can encourage a person to show the "perfect" side of himself and cover up any difficulties he faces.

In addition to the factors above, there are other possible conditions that can affect. Factors experienced by one person with another can also be different, based on the condition of each individual.

Usually this condition is experienced by students or workers. The reason is because they are under pressure to compete with their environment. Although it may be considered trivial, but if this condition is ignored, people with duck syndrome can experience severe depression or other mental illnesses.

How to Overcome Duck Syndrome

The first step that needs to be taken when experiencing duck syndrome is to do self-love. One form of self-love that you can do is to not force and put a lot of pressure on yourself. In addition, make time for me to reduce stress and fatigue.

If you feel the problem you are facing is too big, it never hurts to ask for help and advice from family or friends. With other people to help find solutions, the burden of your problems will also be lighter.


You also need to change your mindset to be more positive. The perception that other people's lives are more perfect can lead to feelings of anxiety and feelings of being left behind. In fact, everyone must have experienced a lot of pressure to achieve their respective dreams.

You can also seek professional help if your condition causes anxiety or even depression. Because this condition will be difficult to handle alone. With the help of a professional such as a psychologist, you can get directions to deal with your problem.
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